Prostate cancer symptoms

Prostate cancer symptoms are unfortunately difficult to spot in the early stages of growth.Prostate cancer symptomsOnly when the cancer has advanced will symptoms usually appear- which is a bad cancer sign and contributes to the approximately 10,000 deaths in the UK every year.

If you experience any of the following symptoms, you must see a medical professional immediately:

  • the prescence of blood in urine and/ or semen
  • pain or burning sensation when urinating
  • erectile dysfunction (inability to have or sustain an erection)
  • uncomfortable or painful ejaculation
  • in the upper thighs, hips, or lower back, a frequent pain or stiffness
  • a general pain in the prostate area
  • a need to urinate frequently, especially at nighttime
  • difficulty in urinating, both in starting or holding back
  • interrupted or weak flow of urine

There are several Risk Factors associated with Prostate Cancer:

  • Age – For men with over fifty years of age, prostate cancer is most common.
  • Family history – It is also an important indicator. If you have a close male relative who has suffered or is suffering from the disease, you are twice as probable to be diagnosed with prostate cancer yourself.
  • Nationality – Your nationality and racial genetics may also play a part. Studies show, for example, that African-Americans are most at risk, followed by Americans and Europeans. Asians (particularly those that live in the East and Southeast portions of the continent) are the least at risk.
  • Lifestyle – Even though, the evidence in often conflicting, in the development of prostate cancer, an individual’s lifestyle, and diet may also play an important part.

At present, while prostate cancer is not an avoidable disease, it can be mitigated by alterations in a person’s food consumption and general way of life.

The most commonly employed method of testing for prostate cancer is a basic prostate exam.

It involves a physician inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum so that the physician can feel the prostate, which is located a few inches up from the rectum. A healthy prostate feels firm; if prostate cancer is present, the prostate may have hard spots on it.

For those who are squeamish towards this type of testing, an alternative method is sometimes used.

Known as a prostate cancer PSA level test, blood is taken from the patient and screened for prostate-specific-antigen levels.

Prostate-specific-antigens are present in all men, but those with prostate cancer often have a heightened level of the antigen.

Alternatively men with the BRCA1 gene have a one in 11 chance of developing prostate cancer by the age of 65, it was found.

Other tests such as X-rays and bone scans may also be useful in detecting the cancer and determining the extent to which it has spread.

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