Patients at risk as health trusts cut out of hours care
One in four NHS trusts has cut spending on out of hours care, new figures disclose.
At least 20 trusts have reduced their budgets for doctors to visit patients in the evenings and at weekends by a total of £4million.
The cuts in after-hours budgets led to warnings of a repeat of the case of Daniel Ubani, the incompetent German locum who killed a Cambridgeshire man with a morphine overdose in 2008.
About 78 of England’s 152 primary care trusts released information on their out-of-hours spending after Freedom of Information Act requests by the magazine GP. Twenty said they had cut their budgets.
The cuts, made in the trusts’ 2010-11 budgets, come before the start of the next four-year spending round, which will require the NHS to find efficiency savings worth £20 billion.
Across the remaining trusts that released information, total spending on out of hours care rose by only £3.6 million.
Health experts said some trusts might have been able to make savings without affecting services, by renegotiating inflated contracts.
However, doctors and patients’ groups said that in many cases lower spending would add to concern about the quality of care.
A study commissioned by the Department of Health last year found wide variations in the quality of care provided by out-of-hours contractors, including GP groups and private health care firms.
Katherine Murphy, the chief executive of the Patients’ Association, said the latest cuts would reduce the quality of care, risking “a repeat of the case of Dr Ubani”.
She said: “By pressuring providers to look for ever cheaper options, the Government is forcing them to enter a race to the bottom.
“Out-of-hours services need to be staffed by doctors who are as trained and experienced as their colleagues who work during the day. Cutting funds to pay for them will mean fewer and possibly less able doctors.”
Dr Fay Wilson, who chairs an out-of-hours group in Birmingham, said cutting out-of-hours care was a “false economy” for trusts because more patients would be forced to seek care from accident and emergency wards.
“If you are going to reduce the cost, then you will be reducing the number of clinicians you have on,” she said. “That leaves gaps. You also don’t get the same level of supervision and support.”
Richard Vautrey, of the British Medical Association, said cutting costs could harm services.
“There is a concern that you can pare a service down to such a level and reduce funding to such a level that you put patient safety issues at a higher risk,” he said.
The Department of Health said the Coalition was improving out-of-hours care. A spokesman said: “This is not about cutting costs – we are investing an extra £10.7 billion in the NHS – it’s about ensuring GPs, not bureaucrats, are responsible for securing safe and appropriate out-of-hours care.”
The BMA also published a poll which it said showed that most GPs opposed government plans to give them control over £80 billion of NHS budgets.
About 65 per cent of family doctors believe competition between providers, including NHS and private companies, will reduce the quality of patient care, while 61 per cent said the Government’s reforms mean they will spend less time with patients.
The Department of Health said the survey showed some doctors had “misconceptions” of the planned reforms. Andrew Lansley, the Health Secretary, said there was no alternative to his reforms to make the health service more efficient.
“Unless we modernise, every year the relative costs of running the NHS will go up,” he said. “Demand will grow, the bureaucracy will expand and inefficiencies will become entrenched.
“There is no easy option. Sticking with the status quo and hoping that a bit more money will be enough to meet the challenges ahead is a complete fiction.”
Tags: Doctors, GPs, nhs cash shortages, NHS Deaths, NHS targets, out of hours, Patients' Association, red tape